National Institute of Public Health (INSP)
(Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública)
Universidad No. 655.
Col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán Cerrada Los Pinos y Caminera
Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Dr. Juan Rivera Dommarco- Director
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Mexico is a middle-income country with a population close to 112 million, with a median population age of 26 years, an infant mortality rate of 14.7 deaths per 1,000 live births, and an average life expectancy in 2009 of 75.3 years. The epidemiological profile reflects a double burden of ill health: on the one hand, the unfinished agenda characterized by poverty, use of nonpotable water and poor sanitary conditions, which lead to infections, malnutrition, and reproductive health problems; on the other, the already-emerged challenges represented by unhealthy lifestyles (smoking, alcohol consumption, inadequate diets, and sedentary activity) and their associated non-communicable diseases and by the increasing rates of injury and violence.
With nearly 800 employees, INSP has become one of the largest public health institutions in the developing world and is the leader for improving health in Mexico. INSP produces information for policy and program development in Mexico and trains public health practitioners for multidisciplinary research. The institute focuses on biostatistics, clinical epidemiology, environmental health, epidemiology, infectious diseases, infectious vectorborne diseases, health administration, health economics, health systems, nutrition, reproductive health, and social and behavioral science. The institute’s major departments are:
- Center for Infectious Disease Research
- Center for Health Systems Research
- Center for Population Health Research
- Center for Nutrition and Health Research
- Center for Assessment and Surveys Research
- Regional Center for Public Health
- Research Center for Information on Public Health Decisions
During the past 10 years, Mexico has undergone a large-scale transformation of its health system to move towards universal coverage, and, at the end of 2011, 105 million Mexican had health insurance. The INSP has played an important role in many aspects, as key stakeholder generating information to support policy change. For example research conducted by the INSP was key to policies to control smoking—including the passage of landmark anti-tobacco legislation that protects citizens from breathing cigarette smoke in public spaces—and to support the new national policy against obesity.
In the area of reproductive health the NIPH has contributed extensively to modernize cancer early detection programs. One of INSP’s major accomplishments in 2008 was a study illustrating the impact of socioeconomic factors and increased awareness on breast cancer mortality. The study identified risk factors through mammographic patterns, C-peptide, and growth factors.
Researchers at NIPH contributed to the evaluation of the current health reform “the Seguro Popular” and the Mexican antipoverty program Oportunidades. With an extensive and modern distance education program, the NIPH contributes to the formation and continuous education of the Mexican Public Health Work Force. The NIPH is also responsible for conducting the National Nutrition and Health Survey, which provides data to evaluate health progress and to identify emerging needs.
- Beverage Purchases from Stores in Mexico under the Excise Tax on Sugar Sweetened Beverages: Observational Study
- Chagas Disease: Brazil and Mexico collaborate in Virtual Vector Project
- Mauricio Hernández-Avila
- Public Policy to Contain Obesity and Diabetes - the Case of Mexico
- Innovative Approaches to Improved Health Outcomes in Mexico
- Hugo Lopez-Gatell
- Kelly Scoggins
- Laura Magaña Valladares
- Celia M. Alpuche Aranda
- Mario Henry Rodriguez
- INSP Releases Comprehensive Burden of Disease Report
- NPHIs and Public Goods: A Perspective from Mexico
- Participation of the NIPH in the implementation of FCTC in Mexico
1,972,550 sq km
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH:
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Liver Disease
- Lung Disease
14 deaths/1,000 live births
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN:
Source: WHO, World Bank, World Health Rankings