National Institute of Health


Tel: +66 2 591 1294

Department of Medical Sciences, Building 2, 1st Floor
Ministry of Public Health, Tivanon Road
Nonthaburi, Thailand

Dr. Somchai Sangkiporn - Director 


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Institute Profile

The Thai National Institute of Health (NIH) focuses on infectious disease work especially in pandemic influenza and wants to develop plans and mechanisms for a sustainable influenza surveillance system that uses standardized data collection instruments and case definitions consistent with global standards, and laboratory diagnostic tests to enhance surveillance for influenza within Thailand. It continues to enhance communications and data exchange between laboratories and epidemiologists in the global influenza surveillance network.

The Thai NIH is located within the Department of Medical Sciences in Thailand's Ministry of Public Health. The institute is staffed with approximately 450 health officials and serves as the country’s national reference laboratory, In addition, it is  the research and development arm of the MOPH for infectious and non-infectious diseases. The Thai NIH laboratory is compliant with ISO standards and accredited by the Bureau of Laboratory Quality Standard (BLQS/Thailand), and other international organization, including WHO.

In collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health, the National Influenza Center (NIC), has made progress to integrate the virological and epidemiological influenza-like illness surveillance for early warning system. It has effectively developed rapid response capacity for testing novel pandemic H1N1 Influenza A virus and drug resistance strains. The Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, plans to adapt and model its surveillance system based on the success of the NIC project.

At the onset of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Thailand had the capacity to process specimens for the H1N1 virus using real-time PCR technology and supported national efforts in combating influenza pandemic activities. In collaboration with the university laboratories, the Thai NIC conducted drug resistance monitoring and follow-up of genetic variations by virus characterization. Approximately 150 viral isolates were shared with the WHOcc. In addition, NIC provided reagents to Myanmar/NIC and tested approximately 10 samples sent from the Maldives for virus genome detection.

The goals of Thai NIH for year 2009 were (1) All testing services will be completely accredited, comply with ISO 15189/17025 by the year 2009(2) Integration of the virological and epidemiological influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory infection surveillance (SARI) for early warning system.


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Thailand Facts




513,120 sq km


$345.6 billion




- Stroke
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Diabetes
- Lung Disease
- Road Traffic Accidents


11 deaths/1,000 live births


Male: 72 
Female: 74


Source: WHO, World Bank, World Health Rankings