National Institute of Hygiene & Epidemiology (NIHE)
(Viện Vệ sinh dịch tễ Trung)Tel: (84-4) 39716356
Hai Ba Trung District,
Nguyen Tran Hien – Director
The National Institute for Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE) focuses on prevention and control of communicable diseases. In addition to scientific research in epidemiology, medical microbiology, immunology, and molecular biology, NIHE conducts various national programs on infectious disease surveillance and control, develops vaccines, and conducts public health training and education on both undergraduate and post-graduate levels.
Founded in 1926 as the Pasteur Institute of Hanoi, NIHE became a national public health institute in 1997. Today it employs some 1,000 people, including 500 at a vaccine production facility that makes 80% of the vaccines used in the country.
Over the past 10 years, many major infectious diseases—including tetanus, typhoid, mumps, meningitis, hepatitis, plagues, rabies and malaria—have been significantly reduced or eradicated (polio) in Vietnam. However, the country is still a geographical hot spot for emerging infectious diseases such as SARS and avian influenza. Tuberculosis, dengue, hemorrhagic fever, viral encephalitis, diarrhea, measles and cholera remain major public health problems. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is increasing throughout the country. Morbidity and mortality from noncommunicable diseases (including cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and injuries) have increased in the past 20 years with more than 500 000 people affected by NCDs annually in Vietnam.
In 2010, NIHE activities resulted in an expanded immunization program and vaccine research that included an evaluation of HPV vaccine delivery
|Director Nguyen Tran Hien|
Part of the institute's plan for future collaboration is an International Center for Biomedical Research, which would serve as an epidemic intelligence center focused on early detection and rapid responses for emerging diseases and pandemics that threaten Vietnam and other countries in the region.
With support from IANPHI, NIHE personnel participated to IANPHI Summer School in Helsinki, and NDC seminars held at THL, Finland. NIHE has strong partnership with neighboring countries and collaborates with organizations, such as the U.S. CDC and WHO.
Read more about the Vietnam NIHE at www.nihe.org.vn
331,210 sq km
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH:
- Perinatal Conditions
- Lower Respiratory Infections
- Ischaemic Heart Disease
- Diarrheal Disease
- Cerebrovascular Disease
19 deaths/1,000 live births
AVERAGE LIFE SPAN:
Source: WHO, World Bank, CDC