Intensive course on monitoring malaria control

Mosquito control is key to combating malaria, which is a major cause of child mortality and morbidity in Guinea-Bissau. Malaria is responsible for more than 20% of deaths of children under 5 years (WHO, 2006). 

Following earlier pilot interventions to assess the efficacy of insecticide treated nets (ITN) in reducing malaria transmission, Guinea-Bissau adopted ITNs as the main strategy for vector control. The Ministry of Health wants to increase ITN distribution throughout the country in order to achieve full coverage. The success of this nationwide insecticide-based vector control intervention will depend upon an effective monitoring plan to assess its impact on malaria transmission. In addition, the increased insecticide pressure may result in the rise and spread of insecticide resistance in the local vector population. Information on the insecticide-resistance status of malaria vector populations in Guinea Bissau remains scarce. 

In April 2010, IANPHi awarded a $24,840 USD grant to INASA, which will contribute significantly to establishing a nationwide mosquito surveillance system to assess the impact of large-scale malaria vector control interventions currently being implemented throughout the country. This grant involves a partnership with another IANPHI member—Portugal’s Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (IHMT)— in collaboration with the former National Public Health Laboratory and Centre for Tropical Medicine, now part of INASA in Guinea-Bissau.

The primary goal of this grant is to train local public health authorities in Guinea Bissau, at its public health institute, INASA, to implement a malaria vector control monitoring program. The IANPHI grant will enable an intensive course on medical entomology techniques applied to vector control monitoring. This course is for entomology and molecular biology technicians from INASA who will be then be responsible implementing of vector control monitoring programs throughout Guinea-Bissau. Additionally, the course will provide the medical entomology unit at INASA with material resources and trained personnel to routinely conduct monitoring programs and develop research activities in vector biology. INASA will also invest in laboratory equipment required for both field and laboratory-based research.

Learn more about Guinea-Bissau’s National Public Health Institute (INASA) and about Portugal’s National Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (IHMT)